What is the Feast of Trumpets in the Bible?

By Melissa McLaughlin

The Trumpet Sounds

There is no music sweeter to a parent’s ears than that of their own child. All three of my children play musical instruments and it is a great blessing from God. From the first tap on the drum, to the ringing chords on the piano, to the rhythmic strum on the guitar, to the echo of the trumpet after the last note is played. Each instrument, each melody is a heavenly grace to me.

I remember when my children first started their music lessons. Though the songs may have included only 3 or 4 notes, it was a symphony of joy to my soul. As the years went by my children became proficient on guitar, drums and trumpet.

The sound of the trumpet is unique. It is sometimes light and joyful. Other times forceful, like a mighty river, rushing forward in power.

Given my love for the sound of the trumpet, I am intrigued at the number of times the trumpet is mentioned in the Bible. Adding to this, I have recently become very curious about The Feast of Trumpets.

Join me in a deeper look at this topic. Let’s begin by delving into the use of trumpets in the Bible.

What is the significance of trumpets in the Bible?

Below are scripture references to trumpets throughout the Bible.

  • When God first revealed Himself to Moses and the Israelites on Mt. Sinai, among other extraordinary experiences, there was a loud trumpet sound. Exodus 19:16
  • When God initially established Israel’s feasts (or festivals), The Feast of Trumpets was the first of the fall feasts. This is described in Leviticus 23:23-25 and Numbers 29:1-6
  • God declared the making and use of trumpets for calling people to gather, to set out and move forward, to go into battle and for times of rejoicing. Numbers 10:1-10
  • The Lord commanded Joshua to demolish the walls of Jericho with trumpets and marching. Joshua 6:1-5 and Joshua 6:20
  • Under the Lord’s direction, Gideon defeated the Midianites with trumpet blasts and sounds of shouting. Judges 7:17-21
  • David commanded the Levites to blow trumpets and play instruments to minister before the ark of the LORD, giving praise to the LORD. 1 Chronicles 16:1-6
  • God’s people are commanded to praise the LORD and make music unto Him with the trumpet. Psalm 98:4-6
  • A trumpet was blown to announce King Solomon. 1 Kings 1:39
  • Blow the trumpet to sound the alarm. The day of the LORD is coming. Joel 2:1
  • The clear trumpet call is needed for spiritual battles, too. 1 Corinthians 14:8
  • The trumpet will sound at the second coming of Christ, followed by the resurrection and transformation of the believers. 1 Corinthians 15:51-52
  • At the trumpet sound, believers will be caught up with Christ in the air at His second coming. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17
  • Trumpets are sounded by angels in heaven. Revelation 8:1-6
  • Each trumpet sound described in Revelation 8 and 9 is announcing the coming judgment. Revelation 8-9
  • The final judgment and coming kingdom of God are preceded by angelic trumpet sound. Revelation 11:15-19

From these scriptures, we can understand that trumpets are used in the Bible as

  • a call to gather
  • a call to move forward
  • to go forth in battle
  • a call for rejoicing
  • a call to repentance
  • for worship, praise and thanksgiving unto the LORD
  • to announce a king
  • a sound of alarm
  • announcing Christ’s return
  • announcing final judgment and reign of God’s kingdom

So how does The Feast of Trumpets fit into all of this?

What is The Feast of Trumpets in the Bible?

The Feast of Trumpets is the first of three Biblical Old Testament feasts held in the fall each year. The Feast of Trumpets marks the beginning of the civil calendar year for the Israelites. Therefore The Feast of Trumpets is also known as “The head of the year” or “Rosh Hashanah”. The Hebrew name for this holiday is Yom Teruah (יוֹם תְּרוּעָה‎), literally “day of shouting or blasting.”

When God first supplied Moses with the details outlining Israel’s feasts and festivals, there was very little information provided for The Feast of Trumpets.

The Feast of Trumpets was first established as one of Israel’s God-appointed feasts or festivals here in Leviticus 23:23-25 (and again in Numbers 29:1-6.)And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the people of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest, a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets, a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work, and you shall present a food offering to the Lord.”

On The Feast of Trumpets the people held a day of solemn rest, the sounding of the trumpet, sacred assembly and they brought sacrifices and offerings unto the LORD. Though later in the book of Numbers, God commanded silver trumpets to be made, for The Feast of Trumpets, the shofar (typically a ram’s horn) was blown.

It is important to note this is the 7th month on the Hebrew calendar, called Tishri. The number 7 in the Bible is commonly known as a symbol of completion. This feast was held around the time of the fall harvest. A time of completion.

Three Biblical Fall Feasts in the 7th Month

Even more importantly, however, one should understand that the LORD directed His people to conduct 3 feasts during this 7th month as listed in Leviticus 23.

One the 1st day of the month of Tishri, The Feast of Trumpets is held.

On the 10th day of the month of Tishri is the solemn Day of Atonement, commonly known as Yom Kippur. On the Day of Atonement, special once-a-year sacrifices and offerings are made unto the LORD to atone for the sins of the people.

On the 15th day of this month, God’s people celebrate The Feast of Booths, also known as The Feast (or Festival) of Tabernacles or Sukkot. This is a time to celebrate and remember God’s protection and provision during their 40 years in the wilderness, as well as recounting other times God delivered and protected His people. In addition, people look forward to God’s continued blessing in the year ahead.

In summary, The Feast of Trumpets heralds 10 days of solemn consideration of sins, prior to The Day of Atonement. It is a time to repent and turn to the LORD in humility and reverence. In addition, The Feast of Trumpets marks the first day of the new civil year. Therefore, it is also a time to remember God’s blessings of the past and look forward to God’s blessings in the coming year.

Do the 7 Old Testament Feasts Correspond to Christ’s Coming?

Christ’s first coming was precisely aligned with the Spring Feasts listed in Leviticus 23. Therefore, many believe Christ’s second coming will align with the Fall Feasts.

*For an in-depth look from a Jewish perspective, please listen to these podcasts by Messianic Jewish organization, One for Israel.

Below is a very simplified overview of the 7 Old Testament Feasts.

For more details, please read: 7 Feasts that Point to Christ by Wycliffe Bible Translators

Spring Feasts

Fall Feasts

  • The Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah) – Many believe some year, on one of the days and hours during this feast, Jesus’ second coming will occur, to gather up (rapture) His believers and meet them in the air. Leviticus 23:24 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 1 Corinthians 15:52
  • The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) – Many believe this symbolizes Christ’s return where He will come down to judge the earth and the remnant of Israel will recognize Him as Messiah, repent and be saved. Leviticus 23:27 Zechariah 12:10 Romans 11:1-6, 25-36
  • The Feast of Tabernacles or Booths (Sukkot) – Many regard this Feast as a prophecy of the day the LORD will dwell with His people and reign forever in a new heaven and new earth. Leviticus 23:34 Micah 4:1-7

Christ’s Second Coming

Given the precise alignment of Christ’s first coming with the spring feasts, many believe The Feast of Trumpets may someday signal Christ’s second coming.

As we consider these Biblical truths: Jesus’ return signifying the completion of God’s plan of redemption; as we remember the sins of our past and our need for a Savior; then contemplate Christ’s future rule and reign in a new heaven and earth, it does seem fitting. Moreover, scripture teaches that Christ’s return will be announced with a trumpet call.

Though Jesus clearly stated no one knows the day or hour of His return, He also taught we can know the season. As the End Times pieces continue to assemble and lock into place, one can only prayerfully ponder all of this in the upcoming days, weeks, months and years to come.

Here’s some fascinating information from Les Lawrence, A Voice of Christian Zionists:

“When Jesus was talking to His disciples about His return, He made an intriguing statement.

“However, no one knows the day or hour when these things will happen, not even the angels in heaven or the Son himself. Only the Father knows.” Matthew 24:36 NLT

Most interpret that verse as an absolute conclusion that there is no clue when He will come. However, the Jewish culture at the time of Jesus had a saying about Yom Teruah starting as “No man knows the day or hour.” That is because it starts Biblically at the actual physical sighting of the new moon from the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. If it was cloudy you might not see it till midnight or later, or may not until the next night. Thus the saying.”

The Trumpet Sound at the Return of Christ

In these times of deception and evil, may all Christians be watching, praying and speaking about Jesus with truth, love and boldness in hopes that others turn or return to Christ… Before the last trumpet sounds.


For if the trumpet makes an uncertain sound, who will prepare for battle? 1 Corinthians 14:8

Oh Lord Jesus, let many more hear your voice today and confess you as Savior and LORD before the trumpet calls the saved ones home.

  • 1 Corinthians 15:51-52 – Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed— in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.
  • 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 – For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever.

Even if we do not celebrate The Feast of Trumpets in a formal way, may we remember the meaning of this special day:

  • A call to gather in solemn rest
  • A call for repentance of sins
  • A call to offer thanksgiving to the Lord and look forward to God’s blessings in the year ahead
  • A call to listen for the trumpet sound

Listen. Christ will return, at the last trumpet call. May we be humbly waiting, praying and listening. For those who are found in Christ, it will be the sweetest sound we have ever heard. For those who have rejected Him, it is the final alarm.

For such a time as this, perhaps this verse in Joel captures it best:

Joel 2:1Blow the trumpet in Zion;
sound the alarm on my holy hill.

Let all who live in the land tremble,
for the day of the Lord is coming.

Additional Resources:

This year The Feast of Trumpets will be from sundown September 6-8th, 2021. The Messianic Sabbath website lists information and dates of additional Feast Days.

One Week Till Jesus Comes? By ElishaVision

The Feast of Trumpets – By One for Israel

What is the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) and 10 Days of Awe? By Melissa McLaughlin

What is the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) in the Bible? By Melissa McLaughlin

6 Simple Things to Know About End Times By Melissa McLaughlin

A God Who is Both: Loving and Holy, Savior and Judge By Melissa McLaughlin

The Feast of Trumpets – What is It? By Compelling Truth

Why is Rosh Hashanah called the Feast of Trumpets in the Bible? By Mary Fairchild of Learn Religions

15 thoughts on “What is the Feast of Trumpets in the Bible?”

  1. I loved all the mention of trumpets from the Bible. I never realized it was that many. And I am glad you explained all about those first 3 festivals of the Jewish new year. I learned a lot as I look forward to the final trumpet sound calling us home.

    • Isn’t it amazing to see how much the trumpet is woven into Bible through God’s expression of Himself and His call for His people? The prophetic layers are astounding to me. Recently, I have seen a flood of videos and articles about The Feast of Trumpets and wanted to learn more for myself. The more I discover about the Messianic Jewish celebrations, the more I see Jesus there. May we be captivated more and more by Christ through the truth and power of His Word. Yes, may we be ever listening for that trumpet that will one day call us home.

  2. Such a beautiful post, Melissa! The more I read, the more my heart swelled with longing and anticipation of the final trumpet when Christ returns. You did an excellent job tying all of the trumpets together from the beginning to end. The blast of a trumpet, such as during Handel’s Messiah is strong and triumphant. Our Savior will return triumphant to judge and to reign. What a glorious day that will be! I long for his appearing!

    • Thank you, Melinda! All glory to God! Yes, you are right, Christ will return with a triumphant trumpet blast and it will be a glorious day for believers! He will judge righteously and reign completely. It won’t be much longer now. May we be found watching, waiting and praying!

  3. The Day of the Lord is coming. For some, that trumpet blast will be like the joyful notes of Handel’s Messiah. For others it may be a mournful sound or a terrifying sound like an unexpected attack from an enemy’s army. May we all be ready.

    • Such powerful words, Tom.
      Truly, the Day of the LORD is coming. Soon. A glorious day for some, a dreadful day for others. For Jesus came the first time as a Lamb, but will return the Lion of the tribe of Judah. May we remain fervent in prayer. May we be ready.

    • Thank you for reading and commenting, Melissa! It is intriguing to see how much God has woven the sound of the trumpet throughout the Bible from beginning to end. May we be listening and rejoicing at the last trumpet sound when Jesus returns to call His people home!

  4. Oh so beautiful and glorious, Melissa. I wanted to shout reading through this article. I’ve always loved the thought of trumpet sounds and angelic signals in the Scriptures. I love this:

    A call to gather in solemn rest
    A call for repentance of sins
    A call to offer thanksgiving to the Lord and look forward to God’s blessings in the year ahead
    A call to listen for the trumpet sound

    I’m so looking forward to that trumpet sound of Christ and His return. Now more than ever! God bless you, Sister.

    • Thank you, Karen, for your kind support! Glory to our awesome God! As I try to imagine the sound of the trumpets described in the Bible, both in the past and in the future, somehow it makes the passages come alive for me. Can you imagine how powerful and beautiful that trumpet sound will be when Jesus returns as King? Though I pray for loved ones to choose Jesus while there is still time, I do long for His coming. As you say, now more than ever! Blessings to you and yours.

  5. Such a wonderful post! As always, you weave so many biblical truths together in a powerful way. One of my sons played the trumpet for awhile in high school. He did learn to play “Amazing Grace”. It is such a beautiful instrument. After reading this, I see the trumpet in a brand new light…

    • Thank you, Linda! Praise God for His amazing Word and plan of redemption woven through every part of the Bible. I’m glad you have some sweet memories of the sound of a trumpet. It is a beautiful instrument. I am in awe at the way God uses the trumpet to announce so many things, including the return of our Savior. It will be a sweet sound to those of us found in Him.


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